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Braids in history

New trends

Kumihimo groups

Engineering application

Each presentation comprises 15-minute talk and 5-minute discussion using PowerPoint or equivalent slide-show software.


A PC with a Windows XP/Vista and a Macintosh OS X are available.
Number of pixel of the projector in the Center Hall is 1024 x 768 (XGA)

Media of your PowerPoint file

•USB flash memory (recommended)
•Transfer via Internet using e-mail (less than 2MB), free file transfer service (less than 100 MB) (recommended).

No other media is acceptable.

Braids in history

Chairperson: Masako Kinoshita

Braids excavated from the Chu Cemetery at Baoshan, China

Mari Omura


This report deals with the braiding technique of excavated braids from one of Baoshan cemetery of the Chu State dating back from 323 to 292 BC which is located in Jingmen city, Hubei province near Jinancheng, the Chu capital of the Warring States period(from 463 to 221 BC). In China the oldest evidence of loop braiding is of the Hang Dynasty, the third century BC until now.
From the tomb 2, best-preserved one among the five tombs, some braids were excavated then that had characteristics of loop-manipulated braids. There was also a kind of harness consisted of the braids that has mainly two layers and combined sometime by turning adjoining threads.
These evidences suggest that a series of the Ch'ien chin(“thousand gold”) lace on three pairs of mittens excavated from the Han Tomb No.1 at Ma-Wang-Tui were also made by this technique using two-color loops . They have basically two layers with different colors and the elements of each layer exchange optionally to express the stripes , characters “Ch'ien chin” and the “lightening” patterns on its obverse and reverse sides.
A Survey of Asian Knotting

Carol Wang


China, Korea and Japan.Jie Yi, Maedup, Hanamusubi and Mizuhiki. As with many of the more important Asian cultural artifacts, Asian knotting is both shared and transformed by the cultures that have embraced it. Knotting was a fundamental technology and art throughout Asia. China, Japan and Tibet had knotted languages or record keeping systems.From a wish for luck, long life and prosperity to decorations on wedding dresses and suits of armour knots are everywhere in Asia and wherever Asian people have gone.While the basic knots are the same, the details (colours, materials, composition) are often different.This talk will present an illustrated history of Asian knotting focused on China, Japan, and Korea; their common ground as well as the features that†differentiate their knotted works.
Edo Kumihimo

Naoko Fukuoka


Many Edo Kumihimo examples including Obijime and Haori-hastenings produced during early to mid 20th century are stored in the Toshima-city Museum in Tokyo. I would show pictures of the Kumhimo manufactured by artisans of Tokyo area while most of them are now being classified and organized. Kumihimo equipment and artisans' notebooks will also be introduced. Some real examples of Haori-fastenings, obijime and tufts will be displayed for your close observation.
Braided decoration on Hungarian historical costumes in the 19th century

Tuskes Tunde


There are many ways to communicate without words. In tribal cultures, for example, war paints indicate coming action. A sophisticated system of using flowers to send coded messages, practiced in late antique and medieval times, enjoyed a revival in the early nineteenth century, when bouquets expressing the “language of flowers” communicated lovers' intent.
Clothing - in its full details: material, colour, decoration speaks about the gender, age, position, financial situation and nationality of its wearer. It is a system of symbols, changing in time and place. The Hungarian national gala dress - as it is traditionally called - reflects the two thousand year old Hungarian history.
Hungarians always expressed their political sentiment in textiles. One example involves Hungary's subjugation by the Austrian Habsburgs, which began in the sixteenth century. The Austrian domination was not well accepted, but since armed rebellion had failed, the aristocracy had few ways to show its displeasure. One way of silent passive resistance against the Austrian court was to wear a Hungarian gala dress.
In my slide show and talk I would like to show the unusual braids - twisted, woven, needle laced or crocheted - sewn on men's and women's wear in the 19th century. This unique decoration made the Hungarian gala dress so much admired and desired by the most elegant ladies of the European courts. I will demonstrate how the braids of military uniforms influenced civil clothing.
A special guild, the button-maker and haberdashers guild made these braids from the late 16th century. Unfortunately by now no guilds exist, only a few people continue the trade and mastery of braid making in Hungary.